Retinal detachment can only be treated by surgery. If treated early, there is a higher chance of regaining lost vision. Common procedures include scleral buckle, vitrectomy, or a combination of both.
Scleral buckle involves placing a silicone band around the circumference of the eyeball. This pushes the wall of the eyeball (choroid) into contact with the retina and can stay permanently in place.
Vitrectomy involves removing the vitreous jelly within the eyeball and replacing it with air, gas, or silicone oil to support the retina flat against the back of the eye, allowing the detached retina to heal. The amount of vision recovered will depend on the extent and duration of the retinal detachment, whether the central vision (macula) was involved, and any other pre-existing eye conditions. You may require subsequent surgeries and this will be discussed with you.
Immediately after surgery, specific posturing of the head may be required to assist the gas or air bubble in pushing the retina back into place. Detailed instructions will be provided if you are required to posture for recovery.